both towns digital natives vs digital immigrants essay and villages, men who do women's work are stigmatized as "rubbish men." Working women do not experience the same stigma, although they suffer prejudice and sexual harassment if they appear too independent and assertive. Chinese, Indian, and other ethnic restaurants often occupy the medium-price niche, while restaurants with seafood and continental cuisine are the most expensive. This may be important in the case of farms and other significant property. While the rate of crimes against persons is increasing, most crimes involve property. A small guerilla freedom movement of no more than four hundred men used the sparsely populated border area to stage attacks against the Indonesian army and then flee to the Papua New Guinea side. The country is highly dependent on international trade for manufactured consumer goods but has a trade surplus. The allocation of farmland is regulated carefully to encourage the continuity of ownership within the family line. Nongovernmental organizations play an important role in supplementing this welfare system in partnership with the government.
Outside the cities there is little specialization. Rituals of Manhood: Male Initiation in Papua New Guinea, 1982. Tidsskrift for Samfunnsforskning 32 (1 2352, 1991. Oslo, which was called Kristiania before the nation gained independence, has long been associated with major governmental functions. Over 90 percent of the surveyed population agreed that immigrants should have the same job opportunities as native residents, affirming a basic belief in equality of opportunity. On meeting, men and women of different ages clasp hands or clasp one another around the waist. With most places being difficult to reach, there are many undeveloped areas and labor migration is high. Initiates seek contact with spirit guides who will help them throughout their lives and even marry spirit women on occasion.