Act and the redefinition of urban renewal and rethinking of the field of urban planning. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. William Whyte (1955) studied public use of urban parks and plazas to identify the types of architecture and spatial design that promote a certain pattern of behavior. You can use our professional research papers on home economics writing services to buy a custom research paper on any topic and get your high quality paper at affordable price). These techniques have now become standard in various urban studies fields, the former in economics and geography and the latter in sociology and anthropology. Globalization and privatization of public space in Los Angeles have excluded the lower and middle classes from most of the urban space. Scott, Alan, and Edward Soja.
14 Geographic information science, using digital processing of large data sets, has become widely used since the 1980s, with major applications for urban geography. Alan Scott and Edward Soja. Urban geography is the subdiscipline of geography that derives from a study of cities and urban processes. Franklin Frazier (1932) charted new ground in understanding the dynamics of urban social classes.
And the final element I will throw in this stew is the Highway Act of 1962 which started the metropolitan transportation studies, the goal of which was to bring the interstate system to cities. 10 In a 1924 study of urban geography, Marcel Aurousseau observed that urban geography cannot be considered a subdivision of geography because it plays such an important part. Twenty Years at Hull House. Manufacturing is found in nearly all cities, but its importance is measured by the proportion of total earnings received by the inhabitants of an urban area. At the same time the Federal urban renewal program was trying to move away from the great emphasis on redevelopment by demolition with the initiation of the Community Renewal Program (CRP) in 1959, which was more neighborhood and socially oriented.
Globalization, driven by international flows of capital and information, has created a new system of city networks (Castells 1989; Sassen 1991). Gans and others may have intensified urban renewal as its adocates and supporters sensed they had a limited time to get their work done. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
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